Why Do Fall Leaves Change Colors? (Science Explained)

A phenomenon worth exploring: how would you explain the photo above? 

Here are also some of my best captures of Fall Leaves so far through pjamal.com Photography

Prefer to read an explanation behind this phenomenon? Read below - 

The leaves of deciduous trees change color in the fall as a result of a complex chemical process. During the growing season, leaves are green because of the chlorophyll they use to absorb energy from sunlight during photosynthesis. As the season changes, temperatures drop and days get shorter. Trees get less direct sunlight, and the chlorophyll in the leaves breaks down. The lack of chlorophyll reveals yellow and orange pigments that were already in the leaves but masked during the warmer months. Darker red leaves are the result of a chemical change: Sugars that can get trapped in the leaves produce new pigments (called anthocyanins) that weren’t part of the leaf in the growing season 123.

The best colors are produced when the weather is dry, sunny and cool. Places that are cloudy, damp or warm won’t see the same degree of changing color 1.

When trees start building a protective seal between leaves and their branches as the weather turns, they take in as many nutrients as possible from the leaves, but leaves wouldn’t survive the winter and would make trees vulnerable to damage if they remained. When the leaves are cut off from the fluid in the branches, they separate and drop to the ground 1.

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